A Guide to Fibromyalgia

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a life generalized body pain of the muscles and bones origin with tenderness and fatigue. The actual reason is still unknown. According to National Fibromyalgia Association The disorder affects an estimated 10 million people in the U.S. and an estimated 3-6% of the world population. While it is most prevalent in women about 75-90% of the people who have fibromyalgia are women.

Symptoms

Generalized body pain is the primary symptom of fibromyalgia. Peoples also experience

Moderate to severe Fatigue

Sleep disturbances

Irritable bowel syndrome

Sensitivity to Touch

Lupus and arthritis

Anxiety or Depression

Tender Points

In fibromyalgia there are specific location which are more sensitive to touch and when press you feel more pain. American College of Rheumatology guidelines suggest that people with fibromyalgia have pain in at least 11 of these tender points when a doctor applies a certain amount of pressure.

Real Pain

The pain of fibromyalgia is persistent, chronic and widespread. It can migrate to all parts of the body and vary in intensity. Now the medical community accepts that fibromyalgia pain stabbing and shooting with deep muscular aching, throbbing, and twitching.

Who’s at Risk?

According to NFA, Fibromyalgia is a complex chronic pain disorder that affects an estimated 5 million Americans. While it occurs most often in women, it strikes men and children, and all ethnic backgrounds.

Fatigue

Tired businesswoman in the office

It is one of the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia. The fatigue influences your daily life. It may interfere with occupational, personal, social or educational activities. Symptoms include profound exhaustion and poor stamina.

Depression

Feeling blue

It is estimated that 30-40 percent of the fibromyalgia community suffers from depression. Depression and fibromyalgia often occur together, and that’s not just because being tired and in pain is depressing. Both are diseases of the nervous system involving dysregulation of some of the same neurotransmitters.

 Triggers

There are certain things which can makes your fibromyalgia worse. These are

Poor Sleep

Weather (extreme cold or hot)

Lack of Exercise

Stress

Medication

The main goal of the medication in fibromyalgia is to minimize pain, correction of sleep and mood issues. The medications approved by FDA includes Lyrica, duloxetine, milnacipran. Healthcare providers may treat patients’ FM symptoms with non-narcotic pain relievers (e.g. tramadol) or low doses of antidepressants (e.g. tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin reuptake inhibitors) or benzodiazepines.

Exercise

There are lots of benefits of exercises. It can relieve physical and emotional stress and boosting self confidence and self-esteem. Walking, swimming, aerobics, yoga increases the threshold of the pain and thus reducing the fibromyalgia.

Diet

Research showed that eliminating some foods can reduce the symptoms of fibromyalgia these include

Glutamate-is a neurotransmitter that occurs naturally in the body and in some foods, but it is also added to foods as a flavor enhancer.

Processed Food-Processed foods typically have more additives and less fiber and nutrients than unprocessed foods. It can worsen your fibromyalgia.

DASH or Mediterranean Eating-Fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, nuts, seeds, legumes, and low-fat or no-fat dairy foods includes in this category.

Cured Meats-Avoid meat than have been smoked or cured.

According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, vitamin D supplementation may reduce pain in people with fibromyalgia who are deficient in this nutrient

Facia

Fibromyalgia is caused by the over activity of pain sensing nerves. fascia is a continuous network of web-like connective tissue that envelopes all our muscles. This network of connective tissue contains lots of pain-sensing nerves and is about as sensitive to pain as our skin. myofascial release (MFR) can reduce the fibromyalgia.

This technique involves a combination of sustained manual traction and prolonged gentle stretching of fascia. It is the far most effective treatment to reduce the fibromyalgia pain.

Acupuncture

Cupping therapy spa woman doctor removes cups from the patient’s back in Chinese medicine clinic indoor. medical and health concept.

This is a component of traditional Chinese Medicine. It involves the insertion of very thin needles through your skin at strategic points on your body.

According to a recent Mayo Clinic study, acupuncture provides relief from moderate to severe fibromyalgia symptoms.

“There have been more than several studies on the effects of acupuncture for fibromyalgia and other painful disorders; they have had varied results, some suggesting that it’s useful, some suggesting that it doesn’t have an effect,” admits Dr. David P. Martin, lead investigator on the Mayo Clinic study.

Fibro fog

Also called as brain fog is common in fibromyalgia. Peoples have difficulty concentrating, finding words, holding conversations, feeling alert and remembering things. Research shows that there really is cognitive dysfunction in FM patients. Doctors advise that sleep better and feels better. With better sleep one can feel sharper, as well as better deal with pain.

Stress

Stress can change the perception of pain. Peopleas with fibromyalgia are more susceptible to stress than people who don’t have the condition. Peoples living with fibromyalgia overload themselves with parenting or other caretaking duties, or their career may take precedence. But certain lifestyle changes—such as taking time to relax and making your health a priority—are an essential part of coping with fibromyalgia.

Feeling Better

The most important thing in improving the symptoms of fibromyalgia is the life style modifications. But certain lifestyle changes—such as taking time to relax and making your health a priority—are an essential part of coping with fibromyalgia.

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